APPLICATION OF MACHINE LEARNING AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN OILFIELD DEVELOPMENT
Keywords:Keywords: artificial intelligence, digital oilfield, intelligent oilfield, artificial neural networks, hybrid intelligent systems.
The article examines artificial intelligence technologies used in the oil industry, compares the advantages and disadvantages of the main existing artificial intelligence algorithms used in dynamic oil production forecasting, development optimization, identification of residual oil, identification of reservoirs’ fractures, and oil production enhancement; recommendations were developed regarding the use of artificial intelligence in oilfield development. The methods of comparison, synthesis, generalization and system approach were used for the research.
It is noted that the intelligent oilfield is an advanced version of the digital oilfield, in other words it is an advanced automatic identification system covering all aspects of the oilfield based on the application of advanced automation and artificial intelligence technologies, as well as sensor and professional technologies.
Artificial intelligence technologies such as artificial neural networks (ANN), fuzzy logic, support vector method (SVM), hybrid intelligent systems (HIS), genetic algorithms (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO), etc. have been found to be used in the oil industry.
The areas of application of AI technologies in the development and exploitation of oilfields are studied, the advantages and disadvantages of individual AI technologies used to solve certain issues related to oil production indicators forecasting, oilfield development plan optimization, residual oil identification, reservoir fracturing detection, enhanced oil recovery, labor safety increase.
Back-propagation artificial neural networks have been found to be the most mature AI algorithm used in intelligent oilfields, but it is advisable to optimize it by combining with the support vector method algorithm and genetic algorithm to achieve better performance in monitoring and forecasting the oil production rate. Attention is drawn to the fact that data collection and processing is a key point in the intellectualization of oilfields, and instead of blindly trusting the results obtained from the application of AI algorithms, the analysis and interpretation of such results should be reduced to a closed loop for a more accurate solution to practical problems.
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